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HOME: China Stamps 1990: T151
T151, Scott 2276-78 The Bronze Chariots Unearthed from the Mausoleum of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang
Bronze Head of Imperial Officer
(2-1), Bronze Head of Imperial Officer, 8 fen, 30*40 mm
Bronze Horse Head
(2-2), Bronze Horse Head, 50 fen, 30*40 mm
The Bronze Chariots Unearthed from the Mausoleum of the Emperor
(1-1), The Bronze Chariots Unearthed from the Mausoleum of the Emperor, 500 fen, 140*78mm / 120*40 mm
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The Bronze Chariots Unearthed from the Mausoleum of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang
(1-1f), The Bronze Chariots Unearthed from the Mausoleum of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang, 58 fen, - mm
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Technical details
Scott No: 2276-78
Serial number: T151
Values in set: 2
Date of issue: June 20, 1990
Denomination: 58 fen
Designers: Wang Huming, Liu Lijun
Size of stamps: 30*40mm
Perforation: 11.5*11
Sheet composition: 50 (10*5)
Size of Souvenir Sheet: 140*78mm
Size of Stamp: 120*40mm
Printing process: Photogravure
Printing House: Beijing Postage Stamp Printing Works
Terracotta soldier, kneeling and shooting: funerary object (in the front, height 120 cm); No.1 bronze chariot and horses: funerary object (in the background, total length 225 cm)
The Qinshihuang Mausoleum and the Pits containing terracotta warriors and horses are located in Lintong County, near Xi'an City, capital of Shaanxi Province. Constructed from 246 BC to 208 BC, the mausoleum was the first of its kind in Chinese history. With a height of 76 m, the mausoleum is laid out in line with the dimensions of Xianyang, capital of the Qin Dynasty. It is composed of the inner compound and the outer compound, which have perimeters of 2.5 km and 6.3 km, respectively. The tomb is located in the southwest of the inner compound.

The pits containing the terracotta army guarding the mausoleum were discovered in 1974. Three pits have been excavated so far. Occupying an area of over 200,000 square meters, the three pits are arranged in a triangular shape, facing the east. A total of over 7,000 life-size terracotta warriors, chariots and horses, and hundreds of bronze weapons have been excavated from the pits. The terracotta warriors are about 1.8 m high and can be identified from their respective costume and position in line.

Two bronze carriages excavated from the west of mausoleum have four horses harnessed to each, and in each stand an official and a driver. They display an exquisite casting technique, and are regarded as bronze masterpieces and national treasures. The unearthed bronze weapons are still glitter and sharp.


The mausoleum was originally called Lishan Hill. It was recorded that the mausoleum, covered by trees and grass, was 120 meters high and with the perimeter of 2,167 meters, looking like a real hill. However, since it was made of soil instead of stones, its height has been reduced to only 64.97 meters due to years of erosion and man-made damage.

Cultural Heritage

The Qinshihuang Mausoleum is one of the world's largest imperial mausoleums. Although the actual tomb chamber has not been excavated yet, probes have determined that it is a luxurious underground palace with a unique structure and abundant funeral objects.

Many state leaders and experts worldwide believe that the discovery of the pits is a major archeological find and can be called the eighth wonder of the world, paralleling Egypt's pyramids. The excavated objects are precious materials for the study of military science, politics, economy, culture, science and arts of the Qin Dynasty, over 2,000 years ago.

The terracotta warriors and horses represent a peak in the world's history of the art of pottery, adding glamour to China's civilization and the world's esthetics.

Bronze Treasures

When arrows, spears, daggers and swords were excavated, it was hard to believe that they had been buried in damp soil for over 2,000 years.

These bronze weapons still glitter, and are so sharp that 19 layers of newspaper can be sliced through with them. Chemical tests indicate that all these weapons are made of bronze containing various other kinds of metals, and were processed to defy rust.
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